9th Inning

From LVL1
Jump to: navigation, search


Introduction

Sounds and Speakers This is a simple circuit that plays a speaker through a resistor using one pin.


Components Needed

  • Freeduino or Arduino or clone
  • USB cable for Freeduino
  • Freeduino development software - download here!
  • Solderless Breadboard
  • Hookup wire 22gauge solid
  • speaker attached to wires
  • 1K resistor

How to

  • Hook up like the fritzing diagram
  • load the code and play!

Schematic

Lvl1-Inning9 schem.jpg

Fritzing

Lvl1-Inning9 bb.jpg

Code


/*
   Melody
  
  Plays a melody 
  
  circuit:
  * 8-ohm speaker on digital pin 8
  
  created 21 Jan 2010
  by Tom Igoe 
  
  http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Tone
  
  */
 /*************************************************
  * Public Constants
  *************************************************/

 #define NOTE_B0  31
 #define NOTE_C1  33
 #define NOTE_CS1 35
 #define NOTE_D1  37
 #define NOTE_DS1 39
 #define NOTE_E1  41
 #define NOTE_F1  44
 #define NOTE_FS1 46
 #define NOTE_G1  49
 #define NOTE_GS1 52
 #define NOTE_A1  55
 #define NOTE_AS1 58
 #define NOTE_B1  62
 #define NOTE_C2  65
 #define NOTE_CS2 69
 #define NOTE_D2  73
 #define NOTE_DS2 78
 #define NOTE_E2  82
 #define NOTE_F2  87
 #define NOTE_FS2 93
 #define NOTE_G2  98
 #define NOTE_GS2 104
 #define NOTE_A2  110
 #define NOTE_AS2 117
 #define NOTE_B2  123
 #define NOTE_C3  131
 #define NOTE_CS3 139
 #define NOTE_D3  147
 #define NOTE_DS3 156
 #define NOTE_E3  165
 #define NOTE_F3  175
 #define NOTE_FS3 185
 #define NOTE_G3  196
 #define NOTE_GS3 208
 #define NOTE_A3  220
 #define NOTE_AS3 233
 #define NOTE_B3  247
 #define NOTE_C4  262
 #define NOTE_CS4 277
 #define NOTE_D4  294
 #define NOTE_DS4 311
 #define NOTE_E4  330
 #define NOTE_F4  349
 #define NOTE_FS4 370
 #define NOTE_G4  392
 #define NOTE_GS4 415
 #define NOTE_A4  440
 #define NOTE_AS4 466
 #define NOTE_B4  494
 #define NOTE_C5  523
 #define NOTE_CS5 554
 #define NOTE_D5  587
 #define NOTE_DS5 622
 #define NOTE_E5  659
 #define NOTE_F5  698
 #define NOTE_FS5 740
 #define NOTE_G5  784
 #define NOTE_GS5 831
 #define NOTE_A5  880
 #define NOTE_AS5 932
 #define NOTE_B5  988
 #define NOTE_C6  1047
 #define NOTE_CS6 1109
 #define NOTE_D6  1175
 #define NOTE_DS6 1245
 #define NOTE_E6  1319
 #define NOTE_F6  1397
 #define NOTE_FS6 1480
 #define NOTE_G6  1568
 #define NOTE_GS6 1661
 #define NOTE_A6  1760
 #define NOTE_AS6 1865
 #define NOTE_B6  1976
 #define NOTE_C7  2093
 #define NOTE_CS7 2217
 #define NOTE_D7  2349
 #define NOTE_DS7 2489
 #define NOTE_E7  2637
 #define NOTE_F7  2794
 #define NOTE_FS7 2960
 #define NOTE_G7  3136
 #define NOTE_GS7 3322
 #define NOTE_A7  3520
 #define NOTE_AS7 3729
 #define NOTE_B7  3951
 #define NOTE_C8  4186
 #define NOTE_CS8 4435
 #define NOTE_D8  4699
 #define NOTE_DS8 4978


 // notes in the melody:
 int melody[] = {
   NOTE_C4, NOTE_G3,NOTE_G3, NOTE_A3, NOTE_G3,0, NOTE_B3, NOTE_C4};

 // note durations: 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.:
 int noteDurations[] = {
   4, 8, 8, 4,4,4,4,4 };

 void setup() {
   // iterate over the notes of the melody:
   for (int thisNote = 0; thisNote < 8; thisNote++) {

     // to calculate the note duration, take one second 
     // divided by the note type.
     //e.g. quarter note = 1000 / 4, eighth note = 1000/8, etc.
     int noteDuration = 1000/noteDurations[thisNote];
     tone(4, melody[thisNote],noteDuration);

     // to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time between them.
     // the note's duration + 30% seems to work well:
     int pauseBetweenNotes = noteDuration * 1.30;
     delay(pauseBetweenNotes);
   }
 }

 void loop() {
   // no need to repeat the melody.
 }


Now replace the appropriate code with this. Enjoy!

 // notes in the melody:
 int melody[] = {
   NOTE_C3, NOTE_C4, NOTE_A3, NOTE_G3, NOTE_E3, NOTE_G3, NOTE_D3};

 // note durations: 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.:
 int noteDurations[] = {
   2, 4, 4, 4,4,1,1 };

Troubleshooting

Check your wiring!

References

http://itp.nyu.edu/physcomp/Labs/ToneOutput

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox